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ecbi - The European Capacity Building Initiative

About ecbi

ecbi is an initiative for sustained capacity building in support of international climate change negotiations. The ecbi aims to promote a more level playing field between government delegations to the international climate change negotiations, and to facilitate mutual understanding and trust - both between European and developing countries and among the developing countries.

Transparency of Action and Support under the Paris Agreement

By Harro van Asselt, Romain Weikmans, Timmons Roberts and Achaea Abeysinghe.

One of the key elements of the Paris Agreement is its “enhanced transparency framework”, set out in Article 13. This paper offers an analysis of some of the major questions raised by the Paris Agreement with regard to transparency, in the form of a commentary on Article 13 as well as other related provisions of the Paris Agreement and Decision 1/CP.21. It identifies several areas where the Paris Agreement has left gaps in building a comprehensive and coherent transparency system, and offers recommendations on next steps with critical elements of the framework, including, inter alia: flexibility; relationship with the global stocktake, the compliance mechanism and other elements of the Paris Agreement; accounting for financial support received; reporting on non-financial support; and capacity building for transparency.

• Paper
The Global Stocktake Under the Paris Agreement: Opportunities and challenges

by Christian Holz and Xolisa Ngwadla

The global stocktake, established in Article 14 of the Paris Agreement, is a central component of the provisions that are intended to raise ambition over time. Parties agreed in Paris on the general scope, objective and purpose of the stocktake, yet specific modalities will still have to be developed. This paper briefly analyses provisions of the Agreement that have a bearing on the stocktake, and outlines in detail the deliberative space in which Parties will have to make decisions to fulfil the potential of an effective stocktake, particularly in respect of mitigation, adaptation and finance. It proposes a typology to help navigate these deliberations and make specific suggestions of options that Parties might want to consider. This includes proposals for a process for the stocktake that takes into account its 'backward-looking' (assessing implementation) and 'forward-looking' (increasing ambition in future) aspects. Finally, it proposes innovative ways in which the stocktake can be designed to be done “in light of equity and the best available science”.

• Paper
Two Unconventional Options to Enhance Multilateral Climate Finance

by Benito Müller, with Alexandra Kornilova, Ritika Tewari, and Carsten Warnecke

Predictability of multilateral climate finance is a key concern for developing countries, as a prerequisite for longer-term planning. Currently, however, multilateral climate finance is provided through national budgets, and governments generally cannot make multi-year pledges beyond a budget period, except in the context of replenishments. This policy brief considers two unconventional sources that can overcome this hurdle, and enhance both the predictability and magnitude of multilateral climate finance: a ‘share of proceeds’ from national and sub-national emission trading schemes (for the Least Developed Countries Fund, or LDCF); and crowdfunding from corporate air passengers (for the Adaptation Fund). It also considers the application of shares of proceeds to sub-national trading schemes; and the application of crowdfunding on air passengers who purchase voluntary offsets for their international flights. Both have considerable potential. For instance, the brief finds that if only one in ten of the corporate air passengers that offset their emissions switch to a “solidarity contribution” of 1% of their ticket price, over US$ 100 million could be raised annually.

• Policy Brief
Oxford - home of the ecbi project
Latest Publications
LDCF Business Model: October 2016  (404 kb).
The Global Stocktake under the Paris Agreement: October 2016  (512 kb).
Transparency of Action and Support under the Paris Agreement: October 2016  (381 kb).
The Paris Ambition Mechanism: October 2016  (607 kb).
Two Unconventional Options to Enhance Multilateral Climate Finance: October 2016  (760 kb).
"I am very impressed with what I have seen of ecbi. This is an excellent format for both capacity-building and trust-building to serve the negotiations."
Anna Lindstedt, Swedish Climate Ambassador